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12 rare animals that are teetering on the brink of extinction

Posted by Michelle Moquin on August 27th, 2016

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Hey, Everyone, Good Morning. 

I found this write in my blog files. From Business Insider:

12 rare animals that are teetering on the brink of extinction

Every day, species around the planet are going extinct. And for each species that goes extinct, many more become and remain endangered due to habitat loss, poaching, human activities, and climate change. Some are so critical that they are teetering on the brink of extinction.

All these threatened animals are included on the International Union for Conservation (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species, a non-prescriptive list that is the world’s most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of species.

“The IUCN red list tells us how close to extinction species are,” Craig Hilton Taylor, head Red List Unit of the Global Species Programme at the IUCN, told Business Insider. “It is a fairly coarse measure [but] we have a set of quantitative criteria that we try to rank species under, and if a species moves into one of the threatened categories — vulnerable, endangered, or critically endangered — then we know that a species either has a high, very high, or an extremely high risk of going extinct in the wild unless we do something about it.”

For example, he said, polar bears are considered vulnerable to extinction, while tigers are endangered (a more critical category), and just this July, the IUCN declared that the Bornean orangutan critically endangered.

Here are 12 species at risk of extinction, including some that you probably didn’t even know existed.

The Bornean orangutan

the-bornean-orangutan

A two-year-old Bornean orangutan.REUTERS/Tim Chong

Found only on the island of Borneo, Bornean orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus) have a broader face and shorter beard than their cousins, Sumatran orangutans. This July, the IUCN changed their status to critically endangered because their population has declined by 60% since 1950, and, according to Scientific American, new projections estimate that their numbers will fall by another 22% by the year 2025.

The main threats for these animals are habitat loss (forests are turned into rubber, oil palm or paper plantations) and illegal hunting. Aggravating the problem, females only reproduce every six to eight years — the longest birth interval of any land mammal — which makes conservation efforts slow.

Pika

pika.jpg

The ili pika was photographed for the first time in more than 20 years on July 9, 2014 by Weidong Li, the conservationist who first discovered the species.

Ili pika (Ochontana iliensis) is a small mammal (only 7-8 inches long) that’s native to the Tianshan mountain range of the remote Xinjiang region of China. Living on sloping bare rock faces and feeding on grasses at high elevations, this little creature is very rare — there are less than 1,000 left.

The species was only discovered in 1983, but its numbers have declined by almost 70% since then, reports CNN. This is because its habitat is being drastically affected by climate change. Rising temperatures have forced the pikas to retreat up into the mountain tops. In addition, grazing pressure from livestock and air pollution have likely contributed to their decline.

Giant Otter

giant-otter

A giant otter with a Sailfin Catfish in the Cuiabá River of Brazil.Bernard DUPONT/Flickr

Found only in South America, Giant otters, or Pteronura brasiliensis, are the largest otters in the world, with some as long as 6 feet. They are also the rarest otters in the world, with only a few thousand believed to be surviving in the wild. Sometimes known as the “river wolf,” their fur is chocolatey brown and extremely soft. They also have a creamy white patch on their throat that is unique to each otter, Meg Symington, managing director of the Amazon for WWF, told Business Insider.

“They are extremely smart animals, and sort of like wolves or lions, they can be cooperative hunters. They live in groups and they hunt fish together as a group, herding the fish,” she said. “They’re active during the day, so they’re actually a large mammal that you can see easily in the Amazon, which is unusual since a lot of large animals are hard to see in the jungle.”

Historically, giant otters were hunted for their pelts, causing a huge decline in their numbers. While they are no longer hunted today, they remain endangered because many of their aquatic habitats (rivers and lakes) have been degraded and destroyed, causing the fish populations they rely on for food to dwindle. They are many times viewed as nuisances by humans, especially by fishermen. They are also threatened by gold-mining in the region, which leads to mercury poisoning. “Because they are an apex predator, they accumulate mercury because they eat so much fish,” Symington explained.

Amur Leopard

amur-leopard

Amur leopards are critically endangered with maybe 60 living in the wild and around 200 in zoos around the world.

The solitary and nocturnal Amur leopard (Panthera pardus orientalis) is one of the world’s most endangered wild cats. It has a thick yellow or rusty orange coat with long dense hair, and can weigh up to 120 pounds. It can leap more than 19 feet, and it can run at speeds up to 37 miles per hour.

Today, it is found only in the Amur River basin of eastern Russia, having already gone extinct from China and the Korean Peninsula. According to WWF, there are around 60 amur leopards left in the wild. The wild cat faces numerous threats to its survival, including encroaching human populations, poaching, and climate change.

Black-footed ferret

black-footed-ferret

A black-footed ferret crawls out of its burrow in the Aubrey Valley near Seligman, Arizona.AP Photo/Arizona Game and Fish Department, George Anderson

As a member of the weasel family, the black-footed ferret (Mustela nigripes) is the only ferret native to North America. They have tan bodies, black legs and feet, a black tip on their tail and a black mask. They are highly specialized carnivores, with prairie dogs making up more than 90% of their diet. “Black-footed ferrets evolved with prairie dogs, so they are long and tubular,” Kristy Bly, senior wildlife conservation biologist for WWF’s Northern Great Plains Program, told Business Insider. “They evolved to be these ferocious little predators and they’re designed to navigate tunnels and boroughs.”

The main threats endangering these little carnivores are disease (notably the plague) and lack of habitat, brought on largely because prairie dogs were poisoned for a large number of years, eliminating their food source in many of their habitats.

“It’s kind of a miracle that ferrets are still with us,” said Bly. The black-footed ferret was twice thought to be extinct, but recovery efforts — notably captive breeding and reintroduction to the wild — have helped bring the animals back from the brink of extinction. Today, there are about 300-400 black-footed ferrets in the wild, all of whom are descendants of the 18 ferrets that were part of captive-breeding efforts in the late 1980s. Conservation efforts have also included vaccines against the plague.

Darwin’s Fox

darwins-fox

Darwin’s fox is an endemic species to Chile.Fernando Bórquez Bórquez/Flickr

Named after the famous scientist Charles Darwin, who discovered the species in 1834, Darwin’s fox (Lycalopex fulvipes) is found only in Chile in two places: the Nahuelbuta National Park and the island of Chiloè. Dark in color with short legs, this carnivorous creature is active mostly at twilight and dawn.

These carnivores creatures are considered an “umbrella species,” which means that protecting them and their temperate forest homes helps preserve the entire ecosystem. According to the IUCN, they are threatened by habitat loss, hunting, and non-native species, particularly domestic dogs.

Sumatran Rhinoceros

sumatran-rhinoceros

Ratu, a 8 year-old female Sumatran Rhinoceros, at the Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary in the Way Kambas National Park, Indonesia.

As the only Asian rhino with two horns, the Sumatran rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis) is the smallest of the rhino family, living in isolated pockets of dense mountain forests in Malaysia, Indonesia and possibly Myanmar (Burma). They are recognizable because they are covered in long hair, which helps keep mud caked to their body to cool them and protect them from insects.

They are one of the most endangered rhinos in the world, along with the Javan rhino, with maybe only 220-275 Sumatran rhinos left in the world, according to WWF. Greatly threatened by poaching, they are, like other rhinos, hunted for their horns. There is no indication that the population is stable and only two captive females have reproduced in the last 15 years.

White-rumped vulture

white-rumped-vulture

A white-rumped vulture flying near water.Deepak sankat/Wikimedia Commons

One of three critically endangered species of vulture, the white-rumped vulture (Gyps bengalensis) has suffered what the IUCN classifies as a “catastrophic decline” across the Indian subcontinent, to the point that it is highly threatened with extinction. Over 99% of its population has been wiped out since the 1980s, making it the fastest decline of any bird species in recorded history, according to Mother Nature Network.

“Vultures are in a really, really bad way,” said Taylor from the IUCN. “But they play such an important role in the ecosystem.” In India, the vultures played a key role in cleaning up the remains of fallen cows and in doing so, Taylor explained, they were poisoned because they ingested the livestock drug diclofenac from the animal carcasses. The loss of vultures as a result of this drug has had a cascading effect, Scientific American reports, increasing the number of feral dogs, as well as spreading disease to humans.

Pangolin

pangolin

A pangolin is released into the wild by Natural Resources Conservation Agency officials at a conservation forest in Sibolangit, Indonesia on March 1, 2013.AP Photo/Jefri Tarigan

Found in forests and grasslands, pangolins are solitary, nocturnal creatures with scales covering their bodies and long sticky tongues to slurp up ants and termites. They are about the size of a house cat, and look a little bit like artichokes on legs. When frightened, they defend themselves by rolling up into a ball.

These critters, found in Asia and Africa, are endangered because they are increasingly the victims of wildlife crime for their meat and scales. In fact, according to CNN, they are believed to be the most trafficked mammal in the world. It is estimated that 100,000 are captured every year.

Saola

saola

A 4-5 month-old female Saola at the Forest Inventory & Planning Institute botanical garden in Hanoi, VietnamDavid Hulse / WWF

First discovered in May 1992, the saola (Pseudoryx nghetinhensis) is often called the “Asian unicorn.” It is a rarely-seen, critically endangered mammal. In fact, it is so rare (and so elusive) that scientists have only seen it in the wild four times, according to WWF, causing us to know very little about the creature.

Both male and female saolas have two parallel horns on their heads, they have white markings on their face, and they sort of look like antelopes (though they are actually cousins of cattle). They live only in the the forests of Annamite mountains in Vietnam and Laos. According to the IUCN, saolas are threatened by hunting and the continued fragmentation of their habitat as a result of human activities, such as the building of roads.

Vaquita

vaquita

A vaquita in the Gulf of California.Paula Olson, NOAA/Wikimedia Commons

First discovered in 1958, the vaquita (Phocoena sinus), also known as the Gulf of California harbor porpoise, is the smallest cetacean — an order of animals that include whales, dolphins, and porpoises. Only about five feet long, this porpoise has a gray body, a pale gray or white belly, a dark patch around its eyes, and dark patches forming a line from its mouth to its pectoral fins.

As the world’s rarest marine mammal, the vaquita is on the edge of extinction: According to the International Committee for the Recovery of the Vaquita, only about 60 of these animals remain. This marks a 40% decrease in their population since 2014. These little porpoises are often caught and drowned in gill-nets used by illegal fishing operations within Mexico’s Gulf of California, according to WWF. Because there are so few left and they are confined to such a small region, they may also be vulnerable to climate change, as warming temperatures could affect their food availability and habitat conditions.

Peruvian Black Spider Monkey

peruvian-black-spider-monkey

Black spider monkeys feeding on moldering wood out of a hole in a dead tree in Manu National Park, Peru. 

Found in eastern South America north of the Amazon River, the Peruvian Black Spider Monkey (Ateles chamek) spends much of its time in the canopy of the rainforest. Eating mainly fruit, these monkeys are an essential part of the tropical rainforest ecosystem, playing a role in seed dispersal.

Also known as red-faced or Guiana spider monkeys, their population is believed to have declined by at least 50% over the past 45 years, according to the IUCN. They are threatened by hunting, fragmentation, and the destruction of their tropical rainforest homes.

🌾🐒🌾

Readers: These endangered creatures are beautiful, cute, majestic, fascinating…you name it. Even though I’m not familiar with many, I hate the thought of any of them going extinct.

Every one of these creatures are here on Earth for a reason. The existence of the animals/mammals are collectively finely tuned for their sustenance and the sustenance of our environment. Breaks in that ecosystem creates ripple effects that we may not even be aware of until it is too late.

#ProtectTheAnimals

Thoughts? Blog me.

/SB: The key point, as you stated in your comment: “…men, of all cultures, are still trying to control women.” Unfortunately for our ME sisters, it is so much worse than one can imagine. The men aren’t trying, they are controlling their women (I know you know this – I just wanted to stress the truth for ME women) down to degrees we western women thankfully don’t have to live with daily or at all. Our life is not on the line, though daily we do need to fight to keep from being controlled. I have no doubt that if western men had their way we would be under their thumbs in the same disgusting degree. I HOPE all is good with you. 

Peace & Love. Happy Saturday!

Lastly, greed over a great story is surfacing from my “loyal”(?) readers. With all this back and forth about who owns what, that appears on my blog, let me reiterate that all material posted on my blog becomes the sole property of my blog. If you want to reserve any proprietary rights don’t post it to my blog. I will prominently display this caveat on my blog from now on to remind those who may have forgotten this notice.

Gratefully your blog host,

michelle

Aka BABE: We all know what this means by now :)

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12 Responses to “12 rare animals that are teetering on the brink of extinction”

  1. Herbert Says:

    This is just the way most humans are. They are so selfish that they care only about themselves.

  2. Susie Says:

    That number(12) has gone up considerably Michelle. 30 Rare Animals on the Brink of Extinction – http://www.wowamazing.com/trending/rare/30-rare-animals-on-the-brink-of-extinction/

  3. Ira Says:

    Susie it is much bigger that your number even. Man has practically destroyed any chance for about 20,000 species to survive along side his wanton destruction of his environment. http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2013/12/131216-conservation-environment-animals-science-endangered-species/

  4. Owen Says:

    The human race is the main cause of the destruction of these small ecosystems in which these essential species lived.

    We need to be more careful about our footpath in these species survival areas. When we look back and see what damage we have done we need to do everything in our power to save the specie we have placed in the path of extinction.

    Michelle, it is nice that you have taken time out of your relentless efforts to get the vote out for Hilary to make a plea for these animals. I have remained a loyal follower of your blog for 4 plus years now because of just that, you love of the environment.

  5. Dexter Says:

    We have to start with biodiversity conservation at the ground level – literally. Soil microfauna is being destroyed by toxic agrofertilizers and pesticides worldwide.

    This goes into the food chain, which in turn affects everything, including humans. Healthy soils are a starting point. The other stupidity is thinking that we can save an animal if we don’t first save its habitat.

    Numerous tree species are endangered, yet many NGO’s run around trying to save cute cuddly animals, but never think about spending a red nickel on planting the trees those animals use for habitat.

    All of this is made worse by the fact that the general public is sitting around waiting for their governments to do something, not recognixzing their own responsibility to the planet. Democracies are a threat to the environment, because politicians operate between 4 year elections, so long term planning doesn’t seem to offer them any short term gains.

    This is just a brief list of some of the practical, cultural, social and political challenges we have to tackle for any conservation program to be successful. How long will humans survive for once we have killed off the last pollinating insect?

  6. BH Says:

    Conservation based on likes and dislikes, perception of profitability and exploitation, uses and demands will only lead to further degradation of the environment and the species within it by lowering the standard and following a subjective selective process.

    This will inevitably contribute to the negatives surrounding the horrors of human interference in the natural world over the recent time

  7. Irene Says:

    Owen#4, I agree with you about Michelle. I have been a loyal follower of her blog for 6 years because she believes all life is important, even those that have no voice.

  8. Akram Says:

    The term “moral responsibility” doesn’t sit right with me. It should be a moral URGE for us to help these animals, not a responsibility.

    The human race is essentially the reason why these animals’ habitats have been destroyed. And now we look upon their survival with facts, figures and debate. Trying to salvage some of the mess greed and industrialization on Earth has created.

    We may be deemed the most intelligent on Earth, but we certainly aren’t applying it. We should be using our intelligence to help these animals, to be creating an Earth where no animal should have to go extinct through means of the human’s faults. Am I dreaming of another world?

  9. Craig Says:

    The slope is too slippery to save many, and is getting steeper. Sad to note every one of the critters most desired to be saved are mammals like us. We see much of our mammalian selves in them. But that’s not saving ecosystems that support these mammals, and us.

    That’s what we don’t save from ourselves, because the entire ecosystem doesn’t look like us to us. So it dies, as it globally is. We’re finished as well for the same set of reasons, we just don’t know it yet.

  10. Benjamin Says:

    I suppose that the real question on this matter is do we have morals as a species?

    Ecologically, competition and survival of the fittest are legitimate arguments for the extinction of any species.

    But, we have to ask ourselves “is the extinction of a species the fault of man or is it the fault of natural selection?”.

    If the answer is the fault of man, we have a duty to restore the species to it’s natural health.

  11. BH Says:

    Akram#8, well said ,, i agree with you,,, it just that everyone is deceived by that curtain of economics and personal provincial gains that they base their judgements solely on profitability….its ridiculous and sad

  12. Michelle Moquin's "A day in the life of…" » Blog Archive » The Sound of Silence Says:

    […] Susie, Ira, Zen Lill: You girls are all correct. It is way more than 12. I didn’t think it was only 12 out of so many on this planet but I certainly didn’t expect to hear 20,000. That is so disheartening.  […]